Uruguay Immigration

I had some difficulty finding any political sex scandals that I could compare to the Randy “Duke” Cunningham 2005 case, instead I have decided to write about the emigration of Honduras and how it has affected the Honduran population.

According to the CIA Factbook the Uruguay’s economy and government has created one of the most advanced Latin American States, where the entire population has access to clean water and 98% of the population over the age of 15 can read (CIA-the World Factbook). Although Uruguay is one of the most “developed” Latin American countries it has not limited the amount of emigration that has beEn characteristic of Uruguay since the 1970s, according to the CIA Uruguay has a negative migration growth “-1.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.).” This has created negative effects on the both the population and the economy of Uruguay.

According to Adela Pellegrino and Andrea Vigorito study of Uruguay’s emigration really began to become substantial in the 1960s when Uruguay’s unemployment rate rose and this emigration continued to grow into the 1980s after the gevernment had been overthrown in a coup and a new dictator took power. This emigration had declined a small amount, but after the 2002 economic crises in Argentina, which negatively affected Uruguay’s economy, the mass emigration of Uruguay continued. According to Pellegrino’s study “According to the ECS data, 3.86% of urban households have at least one member who emigrated from Uruguay between March 1 and November 30, 2002.” Considering 92% of Uruguay’s population lives in urban areas this equates to a major portion of Uruguay’s population, roughly 33,000 (Pellegrino and Vigorito, 66).

These mass migrations from Uruguay leads to the question: What is driving Uruguay’s to leave Uruguay? The simple answer would seem to be money, but throughout this same time emigration in equally poor economic states did not drive the same proportion of people to leave other Latin American countries. Therefore there must be some other variable that drives Uruguay’s population to leave. Another question that must be addressed, if these numbers are accurate, how does this emmigration affect the demographics of the Uruguayan state? What happens now to the population that the youth are leaving the state for better economic conditions, and how does this affect the elderly? Is there a gender specific migrant or does poor economic situations drive both genders and sexualities to feel the same economic burden?

Sources:

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uy.html

URUGUAY: THE RISE AND FALL OF A WELFARE STATE SEEN AGAINST A BACKGROUND OF DEPENDENCY THEORY. J.M.G. Kleinpenning. Revista Geográfica No. 93 (ENERO-JUNIO 1981), pp. 101-117. Pan American Institute of Geography and History

Emigration and Economic Crisis: Recent Evidence from Uruguay. Adela Pellegrino & Andrea Vigorito. Universidad de la República.

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One thought on “Uruguay Immigration

  1. Hi Sean: I’m glad you’re revisiting your project in order to fit the topic, but I’m confused. This post refers to both Honduras and Uruguay, which are you referring to? I am also unclear as to how sexuality and a transnational feminist analysis factor into this. If you can pinpoint particular types of gendered or sexualized migration, that may approach the assignment better.

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